Tubal Ligation is the only form of female sterilisation now available. This is a permanent method of contraception and is commonly referred to as “having your tubes tied”.

A Tubal ligation does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or blood-born viruses (BBVs). Practice safer sex by using condoms to reduce the risk of STIs and BBVs.

Female Sterilisation – Tubal Ligation Guide

Female Sterilisation – Tubal Ligation FAQs

    What is Tubal Ligation?

    Tubal ligation is where the Fallopian tubes are blocked with small clips and it is usually performed under general anaesthetic.

    It is 99.5% effective at preventing pregnancy.

    This procedure should be considered as a permanent method of contraception.

    If this procedure is reversed you have a 50% chance of getting pregnant.


    How does a Tubal Ligation work?

    Tubal ligation is where the Fallopian tubes are blocked with small clips.

    It works by stopping the egg from moving through the fallopian tube thus preventing the sperm from meeting the egg.

    The ovaries will continue to produce eggs but these will be absorbed by the body

    How well does a Tubal Ligation work?

    It is 99.5% effective at preventing pregnancy.

    What's good about a Tubal Ligation?

    • It Is very effective and last forever.
    • You can have it done at a public hospital at no cost but waiting times can be long.
    • Does not usually change your monthly cycle (period).
    • Women whom have used hormonal contraception previously may notice a change in bleeding.
    • It is an alternative to hormonal contraception.
    • Does not affect sexual arousal, enjoyment, response or orgasm.

    What can stop a Tubal Ligation from working?

    It is very uncommon for a tubal ligation to stop working.

    Are there any side effects from having a Tubal Ligation?

    Side effects which can occur include:

    • Scarring, bruising at the wound site.
    • Post operative infection.
    • Abdominal and shoulder pain for a few days after the procedure.
    • Damage to blood vessels or the bowel during surgery. This is very rare.

    Why a Tubal Ligation may not be right for you?

    Tubal Ligation may not be the best option for you if:

    • You are not absolutely certain you do not want children later.
    • Are young (particularly aged under 30 years) as you are more likely to want a tubal ligation reversed.

    How do I get a Tubal Ligation?

    Step 1
    If you are considering a tubal ligation you should see your doctor for an appointment.

    They will explain the procedure, organise a referral for you to see a Gynecologist and arrange any necessary tests.

    Step 2
    During your appointment with the Gynecologist they will carry out an assessment to see if your suitable for the procedure.

    If you are deemed suitable and are a private patient a date for the surgery will be arranged. If you are a public patient, you will be placed on the surgical waiting list.

    Step 3
    Tubal Ligation Surgery – A small cut is made in the stomach and the clips are placed on the Fallopian tubes. |

    You will need a general anesthetic and can usually go home the same day. In some instances, you may have to stay in hospital overnight.

    Step 4
    Recovery – Some post-operative discomfort is common.

    Can a Tubal Ligation be reversed?

    A Tubal Ligation can be reversed but there is no guarantee that a reversal procedure will be successful.

    It can be expensive and there is a 50% chance that a reversal will work.

    What else do I need to know?

    There can be damage to blood vessels or the bowel through surgery. This is very rare.

    You can breast feed after a tubal ligation.

    Tubal ligation does not protect you from sexually transmissible infections (STIs).

    Where can I get more information, support or advice?

    Family Planning Tasmania has clinics in Glenorchy, Launceston, and Burnie. Click here to contact a clinic near you.

    Any of our Doctors or Nurses can assist you with information or support about a Tubal Ligation, or you can talk to you regular GP.

    You can also download our My Choice App which can help you to be informed and take control of you own sexual health. Go to My Choice

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